Yesterday marked the fall of the Berlin Wall, 20 years ago, and the reunification of Germany.
Berlin was separated into East and West by the Berlin Wall. East and West Berlin were governed by then Communist Soviet Union and the Allied Forces respectively.
When the wall was built, many people often wanted to escape from Communist East Berlin because the Communist state was very controlling. They controlled the citizens' movements, actions, behaviour and even speech. The Communist government was above reproach and criticisms. There was no place for freedom.
In that kind of circumstance, many East Berliners chose to escape East Berlin.
In all, there were 5000 successful escapes to West Berlin.
The economy of East Berlin was collapsing due to thousands of East Berliners leaving. As a result, the East Berlin government issued shooting orders, to shoot anyone who tried to climb over thw Berlin wall.
The guards often let escapees bleed to death in the middle of the wall (between East and West Berlin). The most notorious failed attempt, was that of Peter Fechter (aged 18). He was shot and bled to death in full view of the Western media, on August 17, 1962.
Peter Fechter bleeding to death at the Wall section between East and West Berlin
The walls were reinforced with automated guns, mines, barbed wire etc.
Some famous successful escapes include using a hot air balloon, building airplanes and even building tunnels below the walls. East Berliners were VERY desperate to escape Communist East Berlin.
And when the walls fell and Germany reunified, millions of Germans celebrate freedom.
Humans treasure freedom. And we often fight hard to gain freedom. It's in our nature to want and desire freedom. Fight for your freedom if necessary. It is all worthwhile.