A civilization is a complex society or culture group characterized by dependence upon agriculture, long-distance trade, state form of government, occupational specialization, population, and class stratification. (Wikipedia)
But which is the very FIRST civilisation in the world? Which people were the first to start to gather, farm, trade and to govern themselves?
Answer - The Mesopotamian civilization.
Western and the Middle Eastern scholars generally agree that this was the FIRST civilization in the history of mankind. It's beginnings were traced back to 5300 BCE.
The Mesopotamian civilization is also known as the Cradle of Civilization - the place where civilization first emerged.
The Egyptians and the Chinese are also considered to be one of the first few to build civilizations.
Civilizations help human beings to survive better and to compete against other species. Civilizations help organise humans towards a collective purpose - survival.
The human race has come a long way. Amazing isn't it?